250MC: Research into Macro

If I am to go down the route of Macro photography, I need to do some more research into the actual technique itself. This is because to get the best images, I need to take into account every action that may determine what can be the difference between a good picture and an excellent picture.

So what actually is macro photography? The technical way of thinking about it is that it is close up photography of an object so that you make the size of the object is greater then the real life size. This is commonly known as 1:1 size, although it can go bigger sizes such as 1:20. This is known as the reproduction ratio.

One of the major problems with macro photography is that the depth of field has to be taken into consideration in every shot. When focusing onto the subject, the depth of field becomes extremely small; so one small turn can make everything go out of focus. This is why you use manual focusing with macro so that you can avoid it focusing onto something else. Being able to use this ring makes everything so much easier (Puntti 2014) This means that you have to use a smaller aperture in order to keep a level depth of field, resulting in either: a slow shutter, higher ISO or good lighting levels. Another way to counter this is by using a flashgun so that you can use a higher shutter speed, as well as a higher aperture. (Rockwell 2014)

One of the elements of macro is to frame the type of shot you want in the first place; if you are looking at an inanimate object, then you can have plenty of time to frame and get your composition right. However if you are looking at animals, then you have a short period of time to work in (depending on how quick the animals are.) So this is where you have to try and wait for the action shot to happen with the animal so that it will make it so much more interesting. (Phillips 2004)

This leads onto an element of patience with your photos. If you go head first into taking an image, you will most likely be disappointed with what you take. Macro is almost like a skill, and it takes time to perfect everything you do. (jrista♦ 2011) What can help with this is by using a tripod for the pictures, as this will enable a steady picture overall, but also will allow you to spot any changes that may be happening around you.

Finally, its important to be slightly creative and having unusual angles. With macro, you tend to see the same repetitive shot over and over again, making it almost a cliché shot. So it’s worthwhile to think about where you are shooting and how you want to shoot. (Exposureguide.com n.d)

Macro is one of those areas that requires a whole lot of patience in order to get that shot of what you want, but it also requires a lot of technical precision so that every little detail will be shown in the picture.

Exposureguide.com, (n.d.) Photographing Insects | Close-Up Photography Tips [online] available from <http://www.exposureguide.com/photographing-insects.htm&gt; [14 October 2014]

jrista♦, (2011) What Methods Do Macro Photographers Use To Get So Close To Butterflies, Bees, Insects And The Like? [online] available from <http://photo.stackexchange.com/questions/7422/what-methods-do-macro-photographers-use-to-get-so-close-to-butterflies-bees-in&gt; [14 October 2014]

Phillips, F. (2004) Beautiful Bugs: How To Do Macro Insect Photography [online] available from <http://www.beautifulbugs.com/beautifulbugs/howto.htm&gt; [14 October 2014]

Puntti, T. (2014) Macro Photography Tips [online] available from <http://www.slrphotographyguide.com/blog/macro/macro-tips-images.html&gt; [14 October 2014]

Rockwell, K. (2014) How To Shoot Macro [online] available from <http://www.kenrockwell.com/tech/macro.htm&gt; [14 October 2014]


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